The full names of applied
Aikido techniques, as you can see on your Promotional Test
Requirements,a re composed of two parts. The first part
of the name will generally indicate the attack, for example
Shomenuchi, frontal strike. The second half of the name
will be the actual technique of defense used against this
attack, for example Kotegaeshi. The full name of the applied
technique would thus be Shomenuchi Kotegaeshi-Frontal strike
wrist turning technique. Certain techniques will also have
added to their name certain specifications, such as Omote
and Ura, or indications of the context of their application,
such as Suwari Waza. beginners will find this Japanese terminology
confusing at first, it generally takes little time to become
accustomed to it.
Aikido nomenclature is
an attempt to apply terminology to something that cannot
always be compartmentalized and labeled. Various teachers
may have their own versions of nomenclature. It must be
stressed that a thorough familiarity with technique and
its principle is our goal as well as simply a convenient
and not always precise way of describing what we do.
The words Omote, Ura, Irmi,
and Tenkan are used to designate the variations of Aikido
techniques you will need to know. Omote means "front"
and Ura means "back"; thus, these two terms are
primarily special designations. Irimi means "to enter"
and Tenkan means "spinning change" or "to
turn"; thus, these terms designate body movement. These
two terms are nearly interchangeable. Most techniques have
pinning and throwing variations and the uses the term Nage
(throw) after naming the attack and technique to designate
the throwing variation.
The following are major
Aikido techniques you will learn, with approximate English
- First teaching
Nikyo - Second teaching
Sankyo - Third teaching
Yonkyo - Fourth teaching
Gokyo - Fifth teaching
Irimnage - Entering throw
Shihonage - Four direction throw
Kokyunage - Timing throw
Kotegaeshi - Wrist turning
Koshinage - Hip throw
Kaiten nage - Rotary throw
Jiujinage - Crossed elbows throw
Kubinage - Neck throw
Udegarami - Entwining arm
Sudori - Disappearing
Sumi otoshi - Corner drop
Aiki otoshi - Aiki drop
Ganseki otoshi - Boulder throw
Ikkyo, Nikyo, Sankyo, Yonkyo,
Gokyo, Kotegaeshi, Shihonage and others aim have specific
pinning techniques associated with them. Most techniques
have pinning or throwing variations. The categories of Aikido
techniques are divided as follows:
Nage-waza (Throwing techniques)
Atemi-waza (Striking techniques)
Kansetsu-waza (Joint immobilization techniques)
Ne-waza (Grappling techniques)
Shime-waza (Strangulation techniques)
THE TRAINING -
Quality Practice is the Way
The "Way" of
Aikido is nothing more than consistent, dedicated, quality
practice. Do not think that anything else will give you
a knowledge of Aikido. Train intelligently, consistently,
and patiently and you will see a natural progression.
ATTITUDE OF TRAINING
It has been said that O'Sensei
exhorted his students to "train joyfully". This
is excellent advice. At all time you should extend a very
positive, bright attitude in training. At the same time,
however, you must maintain a core of deadly seriousness.
Aikido is Budo-martial way. As such it deals with extremes
of violence and with the forging of better human beings.
Aikido is not a way to magically avoid conflict through
some mysterious process of "harmony". The spirit
of Aikido is to face conflict squarely. Only then can we
hope to transcend it.
When you train, remember
always the potential for injury that lies within your movements.
Be conscious of your openings and gaps in your awareness,
and those of your partner. Walk and move with purpose, ready
at any time to respond to whatever arises in your daily
life and on the mats. Understand deeply that in this life
we may die at any moment, and train with this awareness.
In Japanese there is an
expression: Shinken shobu. Shinken shobu literally means
a fight with live steel swords. It implies a true, serious
situation. Your attitude in training must be "Shinken
shobu". When your partner attacks you with a wooden
knife in practice, you must believe it is a real knife.
When you attack your partner in practice, attack truly.
In this manner, you will both receive real benefit from
Categories of Attacks
Training with Injuries
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